Planting Guide - Common Garden Vegetables

Name                        Latin                         Planting        Planting          Germination            Days to            How        Isolation     Min plants  Seeds per      Usual

                                                                    Depth         Distance           Temp in C        Germination    Pollintated   Distance      Needed        10 gram                    Seed Life

Bean, Bush  A          Phaseolus vulgaris       1 -2”              8”                 15 5 - 8             Self                     6 Meters            25 - 50                                25 - 30                                3 - 4 years 
Bean, Pole   A          Phaseolus vulgaris       1 -2”              6-8”                 15 5 - 8             Self                     800 Meters        25                                       25 - 30                                3 - 4 years 
Bean, Runner  A      Phaseolus coccineus    1 -2”              6-8”                 15 6-14             Self                     800 Meters         25                                        8  -10                                4 - 5 years 
Beet  B                     Beta vulgaris               1/2 -3/4”        4-6”                 10 4 - 10             Wind                   3-8 Kilometers   10                                       450                                   5 - 6 years 
Broccoli                   Brassica oleracea         1/4”              12-18”                 7 3 - 10             Insect                   800 Meters        50                                       1,750                                 4 - 5 years 
Brussels Sprout, B   Brassica oleracea         1/4”              15-20”                 7 3 - 10             Insect                   800 Meters        50                                       1,750                                 4 - 5 years 
Cabbage, B              Brassica oleracea         1/4”              12-18”                 7 4-5             Insect                   800 Meters        50                                       1,750                                 4 - 5 years 
Carrot, B                  Daucus carota              1/4”              2-3”                 7 3 - 10             Insect                   1.5 - 4.5 km       30                                       5,350                                 3 - 4 years 
Cauliflower, B         Brassica oleracea         1/4”              15-18”                 7 3 - 10             Insect                   800 Meters        50                                       2,850                                 4 - 5 years 
Celeriac, Celery, B  Apium graveolens        1/8”              6-10”                 15 10 - 20             Insect                   800 Meters        10                                       17,850                               4 - 5 years 
Corn, A                   Zea  mays                     1 -2”            18”                 15 4 - 7             Wind                   3 kilometers       200                                      50                                     3 - 4 years 
Cucumber,  A         Cucumis sativus           1/2”              12-36”                 15 3 - 7             Insect                   800 Meters        10                                        350                                   6 - 7 years 
Eggplant, A             Solanum melongena    1/4”              18-24”                 24 5 - 7             Self                      15 Meters          10                                       2,150                                 4 - 5 years 
Kale, B                    Brassica oleracea         1/4”              8-24”                 7 3 - 19             Insect                   800 Meters        50                                       2,675                                 4 - 5 years 
Kohlrabi, B             Brassica oleracea          1/4”              8-10”                 7 3 - 10             Insect                   800 Meters        50                                       2,850                                 4 - 5 years 
Leek, B                   Allium ampeloprasum  1/8” -1/4”     3-6”                 4 6 - 12             Insect                   1 1/2 - 3 Km      10 - 20                                3,500                                1 - 2years 
Lettuce, A               Lactuca sativa              1/8”               6-12”                 4 5 - 10             Self                       7 1/2  Meters     10                                       7,100                                2 - 3 years 
Melon, A                Cucumis melo              1/2”              36-48”                 21 5 - 10             Insect                    800 Meters        10                                         280                                 6 - 7 years 
Mustard, A             Brassica juncea            1/4”              8-10”                 10 3 - 7             Insect                   800 Meters         50                                       3,200                                4 - 5 years 
Onion, B                 Allium cepa                 1/8 - 1/4”       3-5”                 10 6 - 12             Insect                    1.5 - 3 Km         10 - 20                                2,500                                 1- 2 years 
Parsley, B               Petroselinum crispum  1/8 - 1/4”       8-12”                 10 21             Insect                    1.5 kilometer     10                                       4,650                                 4 - 5 years 
Parsnip, B               Pastinaca sativa           1/2”              3-6”                 10 21             Insect                    1.5 kilometer      10 - 20                               2,100                                 1 - 2 years 
Pea, A                     Pisum sativum            1 - 2 ”           1-3”                 4 7 - 21             Self                       15  Meters         25 - 50                                 40 - 45                              3 - 4 years 
Pepper, A                Capsicum spp.            1/4 - 1/2”       15-20”                 18 14             Self                       150 Meters        5 - 10                                   1,250                                 2 - 4 years 
Pumpkin, A            Cucurbita pepo           1/2 - 1”         36-48”                 15 4 - 7             Insect                   800 Meters        10                                         50                                      6 - 7 years 
Radish, A               Raphanus sativas        1/4 - 1/2”      2-3”                 7 5             Insect                   800 Meters        50                                        1,070                                 4 - 5 years 
Rutabaga, B           Brassica napus            1/4”               6-8”                 10 3 - 14             Insect                   800 Meters        50                                        1,425                                 4 - 5 years 
Spinach, A             Spinacia  oleracea        1/4 - 1/2“”     8”                 7 7 - 21             Wind                   3-8 Kilometers   10 - 20                                 890                                   3 - 4 years 
Squash, A               Cucurbita spp.            1 - 2”             36-48”                 21 4 - 7             Insect                   800 Meters        10                                        35 - 50                               6 - 7 years 
Swiss Chard, B      Beta vulgaris               1/2 - 3/4”      12-16”                 10 4 - 10             Wind                   3 - 8 Kilometers 10                                        360                                   5 - 6 years 
Tomato, A     Lycopersicon lycopersicum  1/4”              24-48”                 15 5 - 10             Self                     2 Meters             5 - 10                                   3,570                                4 - 5 years 
Turnp, B                Brassica  rapa              1/4”              4 - 8”                 15 3 - 14             Insect                   800 Meters        50                                        1,785                                4 - 5 years 
Watermelon, A      Citrullus lanatus          1 - 2”            36-48”                 21 5 - 10             Insect                   800 Meters        10                                        175                                   5 - 6 years 

Revised, 2013
 

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